What is CBD?
CBD (cannabidiol) is the most common cannabinoid in cannabis. Unlike the other popular one that we are familiar with, there is little to no intoxication that is caused by CBD. That is not to say that it doesn’t have an effect on the body or mind, just it is not as an extreme effect as we are used to with THC.
Found in the trichomes of the flowers of many cannabis strains and Hemp, CBD can be extracted and is often found available as a oil or capsule. Some places have it as a topical such as a cream or salve, has been ingested or inhaled as part of dried flower, os is baked into edible products.
The effects we feel from CBD are understood only limitedly due to limited research previously into the subject. Current studies suggest that the molecule binds to the CB1 receptors inside our own endocannabinoid system, similar to THC. The act is different however, as it encourages production of our naturally occurring endocannabinoids. This is where a lot of hte studies into the drug have come from, as it is believed that CBD actually inhibits the destruction of our own excess endocannabinoids, leading to more of them in our system. Some studies even suggest that CBD might react with other chemicals in our body, such as serotonin which modulates mood and stress, as well as adenosine which impacts our sleep-wake cycle, and vanilloid, which contributes to pain modulation. This is where a lot of the current medical claims surrounding CBD come from. It is important to note however that research on this is ongoing, and as a result will take time to be proven as medically viable or not.
Similar to THC we calculate CBD to measure potency by percentage of milligrams per gram of cannabis. In Canada, it is federally mandated that CBD content be included on products from any license producers, so you will always know how much of it you are consuming, as well as the ratio to THC.
As mentioned above, due to the intoxicating nature of the THC there is a higher degree of research placed into understanding it. That said, there are current studies that currently believe that, to a degree, CBD can reduce the psychoactive effects of THC. Currently this research has not been verified, but is an avenue that is being studied as a way to reduce some negative side effects of cannabis consumption associated with higher THC levels. As with everything though, if you want to know the best ratio for you, talking with your doctor and experimenting safely are the best ways to select a strain for you.